|Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Jiang Yu's Regular Press Conference on December 2, 2010|
On the afternoon of December 2, 2010, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Jiang Yu held a regular press conference.
Q: What response has China got from other parties for its proposal of emergency consultations among heads of delegation to the Six-Party Talks? The US media says China is putting on a PR show. How do you comment?
A: Is it fair that those who brandish weapons seem to be justified, but we, as host of the Six-Party Talks, are criticized for calling for dialogue?
It is noted with pleasure that all parties have spoken positively of China's efforts in maintaining regional peace and stability, and Russia has expressed support for China's proposal.
I would also like to point out that the emergency consultations among heads of delegation to the Six-Party Talks do not equal official meetings of the Six-Party Talks and should constitute no difficulties for relevant parties. China's intention in making the proposal is to hope that all parties sit down and exchange views on major issue of current concern to ease the situation on the Peninsula.
The Six-Party Talks is the only platform for dialogue and communication among the parties in Northeast Asia. Under current circumstances, it is of greater importance to give full play to the role of the Six-Party mechanism and seek a proper settlement of relevant issue through dialogue and consultation.
China hopes dialogue and consultation will produce positive results. I would like to stress that in order to achieve results, talks should get started in the first place. Only when talks are started is there possibility of finding a solution. We hope parties positively consider China's proposal, proceeding from the overall interests of maintaining peace and stability in Northeast Asia and pushing for denuclearization on the Peninsula.
Q: Are there plans for senior Chinese officials, including State Councilor Dai Bingguo to visit the DPRK in coming days? Is there any official already there?
A: The report that an official is already there not true. China has recently engaged in a series of diplomatic efforts and stayed in close communication with relevant parties in various ways. As for your specific question, I don't have information to share at present.
Q: The US and Japan will engage in a military exercise, six times of the US-ROK drill in terms of scale, starting from tomorrow in areas that cover waters surrounding Japan including waters off east Okinawa, and US aircraft carrier is reported to participate. Moreover, the ROK announced to have one week of shelling exercises from December 6 in areas including those close to disputed waters between the DPRK and the ROK. How do you comment? Will the exercises increase conflicts on the Peninsula?
A: There are enough of similar military drills. Under current circumstances, parties concerned should do more to contribute to peace and stability on the Peninsula and in the region, rather than the contrary. The international community will not support any action that escalates the situation. At present relevant parties should stay calm and exercise restraint so as to ease the situation and resolve the issue through dialogue.
I would like to emphasize that military alliance or demonstration of force cannot solve the Peninsula issue. The only way out is dialogue and negotiation.
Bilateral military alliances between relevant countries should not harm the interest of third parties including China, which is our consistent and explicit position.
Q: The Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony this year may not hand out the award as Liu Xiaobo is serving his sentence. How do you comment?
A: The Norwegian Nobel Committee awards this year's Nobel Peace Prize to an imprisoned criminal convicted for breaking Chinese law. By publicly supporting criminal activities in China, it openly challenges China's judicial system and flagrantly interferes in China's internal affairs.
Isn't it true that some people at the Committee claimed in public that the Nobel Peace Prize this year was a "political decision" and hoped it would produce changes in China? It can be seen that they have a clear political motive, which is in sheer contravention of the purpose of the Prize. Anyone who upholds justice without prejudice will make a correct judgment.
The international community should not have double standards in terms of ruling country by law and abiding by law. Many countries have rules and regulations on inciting subversion. If you refer to the United States Code and the Treason Act 1351 of Britain, I think you may draw a different conclusion.
The issue of Liu Xiaobo is not one of freedom of speech or human rights, but an issue of whether to respect other country's judicial sovereignty or not, and how to view China's development path and social system. The 1.3 billion Chinese people have more say on these issues than the few individuals at the Nobel Peace Committee. No country has the right to interfere. We will continue to unswervingly follow the development path suitable for China's national conditions.
Q: Do you have any comment on the upcoming meeting between Iran and P5+1 in Geneva?
A: At present, diplomatic settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue is facing a new opportunity, which China hopes all parties seize and work together for positive results of the meeting with a view to bringing the issue back to the track of dialogue and negotiation. China will take a constructive part in the meeting.
Q: How do you comment on the OSCE Summit in Kazakhstan?
A: We have taken note of the OSCE Summit in Astana, Capital of Kazakhstan. It is good for parties to strengthen dialogue and cooperation as the world is faced with many common security issues.
Q: About the exchange of fire between the DPRK and the ROK, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi said yesterday that China decides its position based on the merits of each case and does not seek to protect any side. But will China take the side of the provoker or the victim?
A: Your quotation of China's position is precise. We believe the exchange of fire was a tragic incident and express grief and regret over the casualties it has caused. But this issue is complicated since the two sides accuse each other of opening fire first. Under such circumstances, do not force the international community to take side. China calls on parties involved to keep calm, exercise restraint, reduce hostility and resolve the issue through dialogue. We also expect parties from the international community to do more to encourage and facilitate talks for peace and contribute to peace and stability on the Peninsula.
Q: China has recently carried out a series of high-level diplomatic activities, including State Councilor Dai Bingguo's visit to the ROK and CPC International Department Minister Wang Jiarui's visit to the US. Which Chinese official will be sent to the DPRK?
A: As you have noticed, China is keeping close communication and consultation with relevant parties in various forms at bilateral and multilateral levels so as to encourage and facilitate talks for peace.
As for your specific question, I already made response. I don't have any information to share yet.
Q: The US announced new sanction measures against Iran this week. Could you comment?
A: We don't agree to unilateral sanctions against Iran. At the moment, when diplomatic settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue is facing a new opportunity, relevant parties should all step up diplomatic efforts to bring the issue back to the track of dialogue and negotiation in a quest for comprehensive, long-term and proper settlement.
Q: The Special Representatives of China and India on boundary issue concluded their meeting couple of days ago with a joint statement. Could you update us on that?
A: The 14th meeting between the Special Representatives of China and India on boundary issue was recently held in Beijing. Chinese State Councilor Dai Bingguo and Indian National Security Advisor Menon attended the meeting. Detailed information has been released. Both sides agreed to proceed from the two people's fundamental interests and push forward the boundary negotiation according to the agreed political parameters and guiding principles in quest for a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable settlement. As leaders of both sides have repeatedly said, the China-India boundary issue should not affect the overall interests of bilateral relations.
Q: China has suspended its bilateral cooperation with Norway. Is that because of the Nobel Peace Prize issue?
A: The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded this year's Peace Prize to a criminal serving his sentence for breaking Chinese law. The Norwegian Government expressed public support. I'm afraid it would be difficult for China-Norway relations to stay where it was. I think it's understandable if some Chinese departments have concerns about normal exchanges and cooperation with the Norwegian side.
Q: About China's proposal of emergency consultations among the heads of delegation to the Six-Party Talks, are other parties interested? When and where will the consultations be held? Could you brief us on the latest development?
A: China's recent proposal of emergency consultations among the heads of delegation to the Six-Party Talks was made to serve the purpose of easing the situation on the Peninsula and providing a platform for contact and dialogue. We expect other parties to give careful thought to this.
A lot of things that recently happened on the Peninsula are related to the September 19 Joint Statement, which is a major document unanimously adopted by the six parties and a reflection of consensus. Relevant Security Council resolutions also call for implementation of the Joint Statement, a comprehensive materialization of which is the common aspiration of the six parties and universal expectation of the international community. Under the current circumstances, participants of the Six-Party Talks should make constructive efforts for the comprehensive implementation of the September 19 Joint Statement.