Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson's Remarks on the Hong Kong-related Agenda
of the National People's Congress
The spokesperson for the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council and the spokesperson for the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) both issued statements on the draft decision to establish and improve a legal framework and enforcement mechanism for safeguarding national security in the HKSAR, which was submitted to the third session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) for deliberation.
National security is a basic precondition for the existence and development of a nation and it concerns the nation's core interests. But the reality is, since the amendment bill disturbance in 2019, the "Hong Kong independence" and radical separatist forces have become increasingly rampant with escalating violent terrorist activities. Foreign interfering forces and "Taiwan independence" forces have blatantly ramped up intervention in Hong Kong affairs, which severely undermines Hong Kong's public security, seriously challenges the bottom line of the "one country, two systems" principle and poses real threats to national security. In accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law of the HKSAR, the NPC's establishing and improving a legal framework and enforcement mechanism for safeguarding national security in the HKSAR is an essential measure to uphold national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity and consolidate the foundation of the "one country, two systems" principle. It is a sure choice to safeguard long-term peace and stability in Hong Kong and prevent and curb foreign interference in Hong Kong affairs. It is legitimate, legal and imperative.
In all countries, unitary and federal alike, only the State legislature has the legislative power on issues concerning national security. The Chinese Central Government bears the primary and ultimate responsibility for safeguarding national security. Safeguarding national security is the core of "one country, two systems" and the foundation for its existence. Only when national security is ensured can Hong Kong enjoy prosperity and stability. To establish and improve a legal framework and enforcement mechanism for safeguarding national security in the HKSAR is to prohibit a very small number of people from splitting the country, subverting state power, organizing and carrying out t errorist activities, and foreign and external forces from interfering in the affairs of the HKSAR. It will protect the law-abiding Hong Kong citizens, who are the overwhelming majority, guarantee the legitimate rights and interests of Hong Kong residents and foreign institutions and personnel in Hong Kong, and safeguard the fundamental interests of the state and the HKSAR. It also serves the common interests of the international community.
"One country, two systems" is China's basic state policy, and the Chinese government is firmly committed to its implementation. Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China and a local administrative region directly under the Central People's Government. The legislation for the HKSAR to safeguard national security is purely China's internal affair, and no foreign country has the right to interfere. The Chinese government is firm in its resolve to safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests, and firm in its opposition to external interference in Hong Kong's affairs.